rus eng
Issues / 01/24 Print

Selenium use prospects in poultry farming

УДК 619.363.5
DOI 10.33861/2071-8020-2024-1-25-27

Sevostyanova O. I., Shakhova V. N., Kireev I. V., Kaluga M. A.

Summary. The article presents the results of a review exploratory research on the study of Russian and world experience in the use of feed additives based on selenium in technological cycles in poultry. Poultry is one of the important and perspective agricultural spheres today. The population needs quality egg and meat products. The requirements for products are dietary, high protein content, full microelement composition and price. All of this indicates the needs for systematic management of the production process. If we look at practice, the result of successful poultry production consists of the organization of rational, nutritious and economically feasible feeding and the use of preparations. Therefore, biologically active substances have a special focus in the design of poultry diets. They have a positive effect on metabolism, immunological reactivity and productivity. Selenium is one of the most important indispensable components for ensuring the normal life activity of birds. The microelement has an influence of the protein, the carbohydrate and the fat metabolism, has catalytic activity, which consists in regulating in the rate of the redox reactions, reactions involving hormones, enzymes and vitamins. Selenium has an immunostimulating effect in the poultry organism, which accelerates the production of antibodies, activates phagocytes and increases resistance to infectious agents. The feed supplements consist of selenium in different forms: organic, inorganic and nanoscale. An inorganic selenium is selenate, selenite, selenide. An organic is a trace element in animal and plant tissues, which are selenocysteine, selenomethionine or selenium-enriched yeast. The use of selenium nanoforms in the diet of poultry allows to improve hematological parameters and increase the value of meat. The introduction of nanotechnology is a promising direction in the development of agriculture.

Keywords: selenium, trace elements, biologically active substances, poultry productivity, egg products, meat products, poultry breeding.


1. Abdullina S.N. Vliyanie primeneniya iodida kaliya, selenita natriya i laktoamilovorina na mineralnyy status tsyplyat-broylerov [Effect of iodide potassium, sodium selenide and lactoamilovorine on the mineral status of broiler-chickens]. - News of the Orenburg State Agrarian University. 2014 (2 (46). - pp. 100-102.

2. Marmurova O. M., Kotarev V. I., Slashchilina T. V., Alifanov V. V. Vliyanie selenoorganicheskogo preparata DAFS-25 na uroven i prodolzhitelnost yaytsekladki kur [DAFS-25 organoselenium preparation and its effect on the volume and duration of hens laying]. - Herald of Voronezh State Agrarian University. - 2012 (1 (32). - pp. 66-68.

3. Vorsina N. V., Krasnoschekova T. A., Perepelkina L. I. Ekologo-fiziologicheskie aspekty antagonizma selena i toksichnykh elementov v organizme kur [Ecological and physiological aspects of antagonism of selenium and toxic element in organism of hens]. - Agrarian science. - 2012 (3). - pp. 24-25

4. Gavrikov A. V., Prokhorova Yu. V. Vliyanie selena na organizm ptitsy [Influence of Selenium on Poultry]. - Poultry breeding. - 2015 (10). -pp. 9-11.

5. Momotova Е. А. Izuchenie vliyaniya primeneniya vitaminno-mineralnogo kompleksa na myasnye pokazateli ptitsevodcheskoy produktsii [Study of the influence of application vitamin-mineral complex for meat poultry products]. - Young Science. - 2014 (1 (3). - pp. 67-71.

6. Nevzorova O. A., Sukhanova S. F. Vliyanie selensoderzhashchikh preparatov na perevarimost i ispolzovanie pitatelnykh veshchestv kormosmesey organizmom gusey [Effect of selen containing preparations on digestibility and intake of feedmixtures nutrients in geese]. - News of the Orenburg State Agrarian University. - 2007 (1 (13). - Р. 143-145.

7. Polishchuk S. D., Ampleeva L. E., Konkov A. A. Biokhimicheskiy status krovi tsyplyat-broylerov pri vvedenii v ratsion suspenzii nanochastits selena [Biochemical status of chicken broilers’ blood when adding selenium nanoparticles suspension to the diet]. - Kostychev Ryazan State Agrotechnological University Herald. - 2015 (1 (25). - pp. 36-39.

8. Poluboyarinov P. A. Vliyaniye selenotsistina na yaytsenoskost i nakopleniye mikroelementa selena v myase i yaytsakh perepela yaponskogo (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica) [Selenocystine impact on egg production and accumulation of the trace element selenium in meat and quail eggs]. -2016 (6-2). - pp. 140-146.

9. Poluboyarinov P. A., Elistratov D. G., Shvets V. I. Metabolizm i mekhanizm toksichnosti selensoderzhashchikh preparatov, ispolzuyemykh dlya korrektsii defitsita mikroelementa selena [Metabolism and mechanism of toxicity of selenium-containing supplements used for optimizing human selenium status]. - 2019 (14 (1). - pp. 5-24.

10. Gazeev A.R., Tamimdarov B.F., Gataullina L.R. et al. Primenenie mikroelementov selena i zheleza v ptitsevodstve [Application of microelements iron and selenium in poultry]. - Scientific notes Kazan Bauman State Academy of veterinary medicine. - 2012 (210). - pp. 41-45.

11. Danilenko E. S., Kocherga A. V., Mishanin M. Y., Mishanin Y. F. Soderzhanie vitaminov v yaytsakh kur-nesushek v zavisimosti ot doli selena v kormovom ratsione [Vitamin content in eggs of laying hens depending on the share of selenium in the feed ration]. - 2007 (1 (296). - pp. 14-15.

12. Egorov I., Andrianova E., Grigorieva E. et al. Effektivnost otechestvennykh istochnikov selena v ratsione tsyplyat-broylerov [Efficiency of domestic selenium sources in the diet of broiler chickens]. - Combi-feeds. - 2019 (7-8). - pp. 41-46.

13-15. Vide supra.

Author affiliation:

Shakhova Valeriya N., Ph. D. in Biology, docent, docent of the Department of the Therapy and Pharmacology of the Stavropol State Agrarian University; 12, Zooteknicheskiy lane, Stavropol, 355017.

Kireev Ivan V., D. Sc. in Biology, professor, professor of the Department of the Therapy and Pharmacology of the Stavropol State Agrarian University; 12, Zooteknicheskiy lane, Stavropol, 355017.

Kaluga Mariya A., student of the Faculty of the Veterinary Medicine of the Stavropol State Agrarian University; 12, Zooteknicheskiy lane, Stavropol, 355017. 27

Responsible for the correspondence with the editorial board: Sevostyanova Olga I., Ph. D. in Biology, Head of the Department of Innovative Educational Programmes, docent of the Stavropol State Agrarian University; 12, Zooteknicheskiy lane, Stavropol, 355017; e-mail:


2011 © Veterinaria Kubani by Internet-Image